Usage of Bootstrap in Responsive Website Design

You aren’t oblivious to the fact that a responsive website is your window to success in today’s digital-driven world. A few days back we had discussed the importance of responsive web design in one of our earlier posts and today we shall take a look at one of the best frameworks that are used to develop responsive sites.

As you would know these sites offer a seamless experience to users irrespective of the device used to browse your website and also add to your SEO score (mobile responsiveness has become an important parameter in Google’s latest algorithms). This is where the choice of tool to build a mobile responsive website is important. For most developers, Bootstrap has become the go-to tool when it comes to building such sites.

What is Bootstrap?

To put it in simple words, it is a free and open-source framework used by designers to create websites and web applications. The fact that it is mobile-first makes it the principal choice framework while building mobile responsive websites. The all-inclusive framework has everything that a developer would need to create a responsive site. From HTML and CSS inspired design templates to a wide selection of forms, typography, buttons, and even JavaScript extensions. It encompasses all that any developer would need for a mobile responsive site.

What Makes Bootstrap Ideal for Mobile Responsive Sites?

  • Breakpoints – This is one of the most used features of Bootstrap when it comes to creating responsive sites. The idea behind this is simple – breakpoints are as the name suggests minimum viewport widths. When the framework detects a change in screen size vis-à-vis these viewport changes the layout automatically changes on the devices.
  • Containers – In Bootstrap there are two types of containers who help in defining the appearance of the website on the screen – Fixed Width Container and Full-Width Container. In the formerly fixed sizes are defined for different screen sizes and defined by adding class .container to individual elements. In the latter, the containers would always take full-screen width irrespective of the screen size.
  • Responsive Grid System – This is one of the most powerful features of the framework and allows developers to create grids that would seamlessly blend with the interface of any device. There are different column classes for different screen sizes which makes it easy for the developers.
  • Show and Hide Elements – Like other frameworks used for designing responsive websites, Bootstrap too comes with the Show and Hide Elements features. What makes it different though its ease of use. You will be able to show the important elements across all screen sizes while hide some of the elements on smaller screens to ensure that the screen doesn’t look cluttered and it doesn’t divert users’ attention from the core elements in the site.
  • Image Scaling – Images often present developers with the biggest challenge in developing responsive sites. But with Bootstrap, there would be no such issues. Developers use the .img-responsive class to ensure that the images smoothly fit into the layout across all screens and resolutions. This class ensures that the images are 100% wide and their height is adjusted as per the screen size and resolution.

To sum up, Bootstrap was first released in 2011 just when designers and Internet marketers started taking mobile viewership seriously. Ever since this framework has evolved to take care of the emerging trends in mobile responsive web development.

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